• English (United Kingdom)
  • Russian (CIS)
Requirements to abstracts

Abstract is an independent written statement containing only the most important ideas of a paper. It is required to mention the following aspects (in order):

1)   Problem statement – this part describes the relevance of the topic, or formulates a research problem which has not yet been settled, or points to a discrepancy between theoretical propositions and reality.

E.g., Geopolitical circumstances have drastically modified the development scenario of Russia’s industry and the conditions for functioning of industrial regions or Employee environmental behaviour (EEB) is among the necessary conditions for implementing strategies and enhancing the performance of environmentally friendly organizations. However, there is a lack of theoretical and empirical research on the mechanism for forming such behaviours and the effects it suffers from the company’s internal environment.

2) Specific purpose of the research. This part of the abstract should start withThe article deals with/aims to/explores…”.

3) Methodological basis – economic or related theories (concepts, approaches) which the research paper is based upon.

E.g., Methodologically, the research rests on the theories of wave and systems dynamics or Portfolio management theory and provisions of public project management constitute the methodological basis of the research.

4) Methods – a detailed description of methods and techniques used to address the research problem.

E.g., The methods include narrative analysis, in-depth interview, and econometric analysis of how sub-indices referencing the innovation inputs and outputs influence the economic growth or The methods of logical-structural, comparative and econometric analysis are used.

5) Materials – types of data and its sources.

E.g., The data comes in two types: qualitative ones from 27 in-depth interviews conducted from April to August 2022 and quantitative ones from the Global Innovation Index 2021 or Monthly time series data of the South African Department of Energy and Mineral Resources spanning from 2002 to 2021 is analysed by means of econometric modelling, including unit root analysis, structural vector autoregression, impulse response and variance decomposition.

6) Findings – a detailed description of results corresponding to the problem statement in item (1) and the purpose in item (2).

E.g., According to the findings, the 2014–2015 wave of sanctions did not provoke a serious crisis in regional industry in the Greater Urals, but created conditions for reducing import dependence, localising production within the region, optimising the structure and vector of foreign trade activities of industrial enterprises or The research results show that HR practices with the mediated participation of green organizational culture exert a strong impact on employee environmental behaviour demonstrated in the workplace and in voluntary initiatives and activities.

7) Conclusions – the final part outlines further directions of research, draws out implications and interprets the results.

E.g., The results of the study contribute to the understanding of… or The proposed approach enables the creation of a resources strategy that takes into account…

Recommended volume of an abstract is 150–200 words in Russian and English.


While writing an abstract the authors should:

– not reproduce the text of the paper as well as its title word for word;

– not include figures, tables, inline notes, abbreviations, authorial contractions as well as information that is not discussed in the article into an abstract;

– present the findings of the work with maximum accuracy; list main theoretical and experimental results, facts, revealed interrelations and regularities;

– use syntactic structures typical of scientific and technical documents; avoid complicated grammatical structures, introductory words and general words.