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Antifragility of the national economy: A heuristic assessment


Evgeny V. Balatsky, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of RAS, Moscow, Russia

Natalia A. Ekimova, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia


The geopolitical turbulence and the implementation of large-scale international sanctions dictate the need to assess the degree of readiness of the states to a longterm civilisational confrontation. The article aims to construct and test a new analytical tool – antifragility index of the national economy. Methodologically, the research is based on the idea that in the presence of several industries, the national economy obtains a functional foundation and a possibility to exist autonomously in conditions of disrupted international trade relations. To put this idea into practice, the article proposes a heuristic algorithm for constructing an antifragility index of the economy taking into account the priority of such industries as agriculture, pharmaceuticals industry, production of means of labour, and mineral extraction. Based on the national statistics of eight states – the USA, Canada, Great Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland, Brazil and Russia – the paper presents pilot calculations of the index. According to the results, only Russia’s index showed an upward trend in 2003–2020, while in the other seven countries it went down. The antifragility index is shown to have an ability to capture the peculiarities of political cycles and event shocks in the world economy. The research provides empirical evidence that the change of the leading country, amongst other things, is associated with the accumulation of structural disproportions in the economy: the weakening of its foundation made up of vital industries and excessive complication of the industrial superstructure in the form of the non-productive sphere. The paper proposes scaling up the constructed index to a broader sample of countries in order to clarify the regional disposition of forces in the global geopolitical space.

Keywords: national economy; antifragile economy; economic vulnerability; sanctions; economic resilience; index.

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For citation: Balatsky E. V., Ekimova N. A. (2023). Antifragility of the national economy: A heuristic assessment. Journal of New Economy, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 28–49. DOI: 10.29141/2658-5081-2023-24-2-2. EDN: WLTDSU.